NSA access was built into Windows ?
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Thread: NSA access was built into Windows ?

  1. #1
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    Exclamation NSA access was built into Windows ?

    this is old news.. considering the date it was written.. still, searching AO, I found no reference to it .. what do you folks know about it.. is it for real ? (a careless mistake, yeah right)

    article is found here.... http://www.heise.de/tp/english/inhalt/te/5263/1.html
    (see this link as there are embeded links within)
    but I'll copy/paste what was said there anyway


    A CARELESS mistake by Microsoft programmers has revealed that special access codes prepared by the US National Security Agency have been secretly built into Windows. The NSA access system is built into every version of the Windows operating system now in use, except early releases of Windows 95 (and its predecessors). The discovery comes close on the heels of the revelations earlier this year that another US software giant, Lotus, had built an NSA "help information" trapdoor into its Notes system, and that security functions on other software systems had been deliberately crippled.

    The first discovery of the new NSA access system was made two years ago by British researcher Dr Nicko van Someren. But it was only a few weeks ago when a second researcher rediscovered the access system. With it, he found the evidence linking it to NSA.

    Computer security specialists have been aware for two years that unusual features are contained inside a standard Windows software "driver" used for security and encryption functions. The driver, called ADVAPI.DLL, enables and controls a range of security functions. If you use Windows, you will find it in the C:\Windows\system directory of your computer.

    ADVAPI.DLL works closely with Microsoft Internet Explorer, but will only run crypographic functions that the US governments allows Microsoft to export. That information is bad enough news, from a European point of view. Now, it turns out that ADVAPI will run special programmes inserted and controlled by NSA. As yet, no-one knows what these programmes are, or what they do.

    Dr Nicko van Someren reported at last year's Crypto 98 conference that he had disassembled the ADVADPI driver. He found it contained two different keys. One was used by Microsoft to control the cryptographic functions enabled in Windows, in compliance with US export regulations. But the reason for building in a second key, or who owned it, remained a mystery.


    A second key


    Two weeks ago, a US security company came up with conclusive evidence that the second key belongs to NSA. Like Dr van Someren, Andrew Fernandez, chief scientist with Cryptonym of Morrisville, North Carolina, had been probing the presence and significance of the two keys. Then he checked the latest Service Pack release for Windows NT4, Service Pack 5. He found that Microsoft's developers had failed to remove or "strip" the debugging symbols used to test this software before they released it. Inside the code were the labels for the two keys. One was called "KEY". The other was called "NSAKEY".

    Fernandes reported his re-discovery of the two CAPI keys, and their secret meaning, to "Advances in Cryptology, Crypto'99" conference held in Santa Barbara. According to those present at the conference, Windows developers attending the conference did not deny that the "NSA" key was built into their software. But they refused to talk about what the key did, or why it had been put there without users' knowledge.


    A third key?!


    But according to two witnesses attending the conference, even Microsoft's top crypto programmers were astonished to learn that the version of ADVAPI.DLL shipping with Windows 2000 contains not two, but three keys. Brian LaMachia, head of CAPI development at Microsoft was "stunned" to learn of these discoveries, by outsiders. The latest discovery by Dr van Someren is based on advanced search methods which test and report on the "entropy" of programming code.

    Within the Microsoft organisation, access to Windows source code is said to be highly compartmentalized, making it easy for modifications to be inserted without the knowledge of even the respective product managers.

    Researchers are divided about whether the NSA key could be intended to let US government users of Windows run classified cryptosystems on their machines or whether it is intended to open up anyone's and everyone's Windows computer to intelligence gathering techniques deployed by NSA's burgeoning corps of "information warriors".

    According to Fernandez of Cryptonym, the result of having the secret key inside your Windows operating system "is that it is tremendously easier for the NSA to load unauthorized security services on all copies of Microsoft Windows, and once these security services are loaded, they can effectively compromise your entire operating system". The NSA key is contained inside all versions of Windows from Windows 95 OSR2 onwards.

    "For non-American IT managers relying on Windows NT to operate highly secure data centres, this find is worrying", he added. "The US government is currently making it as difficult as possible for "strong" crypto to be used outside of the US. That they have also installed a cryptographic back-door in the world's most abundant operating system should send a strong message to foreign IT managers".

    "How is an IT manager to feel when they learn that in every copy of Windows sold, Microsoft has a 'back door' for NSA - making it orders of magnitude easier for the US government to access your computer?" he asked.


    Can the loophole be turned round against the snoopers?


    Dr van Someren feels that the primary purpose of the NSA key inside Windows may be for legitimate US government use. But he says that there cannot be a legitimate explanation for the third key in Windows 2000 CAPI. "It looks more fishy", he said.

    Fernandez believes that NSA's built-in loophole can be turned round against the snoopers. The NSA key inside CAPI can be replaced by your own key, and used to sign cryptographic security modules from overseas or unauthorised third parties, unapproved by Microsoft or the NSA. This is exactly what the US government has been trying to prevent. A demonstration "how to do it" program that replaces the NSA key can be found on Cryptonym's website.

    According to one leading US cryptographer, the IT world should be thankful that the subversion of Windows by NSA has come to light before the arrival of CPUs that handles encrypted instruction sets. These would make the type of discoveries made this month impossible. "Had the next-generation CPU's with encrypted instruction sets already been deployed, we would have never found out about NSAKEY."

  2. #2
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    Any of the more senior members here at AO recall hearing about this? I don't recall anything about this particular article, and would be interested in what others think.

    BTW, the webpage for Cryptonym is not operational (http://www.cryptonym.com).
    \"Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I\'m not sure about the former.\" -- Albert Einstein

  3. #3
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    That is VEEEEEERY interesting..... Now I have a true reason for beeing Paranoid...
    I wonder why we didn't hear about it before...mady they where silenced....
    PS: if you FTP into the site....it's got some wierd stuff in there..... VERY little, but a folder called Accsess denied...: Here.

    Maby this is A Job for " I'm a super Leet Cracker" ??!!

    rotflmao
    With all the subtlety of an artillery barrage / Follow blindly, for the true path is sketchy at best. .:Bring OS X to x86!:.
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  4. #4
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    Nice find! first time ive seen this but im not at all shocked or suprised.
    Bukhari:V3B48N826 “The Prophet said, ‘Isn’t the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?’ The women said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘This is because of the deficiency of a woman’s mind.’”

  5. #5
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    Maby this is A Job for " I'm a super Leet Cracker" ??!!
    LOL. That was interesting with the FTP. We were probably just logged by the NSA...hehehe.
    \"Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I\'m not sure about the former.\" -- Albert Einstein

  6. #6
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    see what i read about this in an online magazine (written by a hacker) and possibly 2600(but don't quote me) is that it was all bs and that NSAKEY wasn't really a security issue and did not allow NSA access. besides, if it was true, it is illegal and Micro$oft would be in more trouble then the Antitrust case... cause someone would have exposed it since everyone hates MS. I don't doubt it is possible, but i am skeptical. and on another note, if the NSA erally wanted to know stuff, carnivore will soon be legalized and then nothing will matter.
    Learn like you are going to live forever, live like you are going to die tomorrow.

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  7. #7
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    some other viewpoints..



    "Our conclusion is that this "mysterious key" is in fact a second public key intended for use by the international banking community which permits the use of 128 bit ciphers offshore, carefully skirting around US export laws while protecting the "domestic use" public key. Originally, export restrictions prohibited "strong encryption" from being exported, but on November 15, 1996, President Clinton signed Executive Order 13026 which changed regulation of encryption from the U.S. Munitions list to the purview of the U.S. Commerce Department. On June 25, 1997, the export of 128-bit encryption by Microsoft and Netscape for purposes such as international banking was approved by the U.S. Commerce Department with significant restrictions"

    http://www.nsclean.com/nsakey.html


    "Second, NSA doesn't need a key to compromise security in Windows. Programs like Back Orifice can do it without any keys. Attacking the Crypto API still requires that the victim run an executable (even a Word macro) on his computer. If you can convince a victim to run an untrusted macro, there are a zillion smarter ways to compromise security. "

    http://www.counterpane.com/crypto-gr...osoftCryptoAPI


    "So, in short: It doesn't matter whether or not you believe Microsoft
    here. Even if the NSA does have the private key that corresponds to
    the "NSAKEY" public key, it doesn't enable them to do anything they
    weren't able to do before."

    http://yarchive.net/phone/nsakey.html


    not gonna lose any sleep over this one...if nsa wants to find out something...they will...and they don;t need any help from m$
    I used to be With IT. But then they changed what IT was. Now what I'm with isn't IT, and what's IT seems scary and weird." - Abe Simpson

  8. #8
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    heard about this before. What would you think if you were to find out the same is true of almost all os and dbases? Whatever.
    Trappedagainbyperfectlogic.

  9. #9
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    i have heard about this many of times before, but every time i hear it, it is a different story. first time i heard about it, the story was that a canadian hacker discovered the nsakey and showed it to te public on tv. supposedly bill gates was asked about it at a convention or something, and admitted that yes the nsa had a key in windows. when asked why, he answered it was for the interest of national security and to help fight terrorism. however, this is the first time i heard about a third key being present in windows 2000. i believe the key exists. but as to why it is there, i have yet to find a reliable story or source.
    \"Computer games don\'t affect kids; I mean if Pac-Man affected us as kids, we\'d all be running around in darkened rooms munching magic pills and listening to repetitive electronic music.\" Kristian Wilson, Nintendo, Inc. 1989

  10. #10
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    this reminds me of the big controversy when the data encryption standard came out years ago. ibm had just about finished it, when the nsa came in and suggested some slight modifications that imb agreed with. people were worried for many years afterwards that the modifications were some sort of back door or key to allow nsa to decode messages without knowing the original seceret keys.

    as it turned out, nsa had already found an exploit before ibm had released it, and the suggestions fixed the exploit. moral of the story: the nsa scares the **** out of me!
    U suk at teh intuhnet1!!1!1one

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