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Thread: ok here it is some info on Win 2k pro

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Mar 2002

    Smile ok here it is some info on Win 2k pro

    Ok first thing this will be a continueing post and i wont get real indepth right away
    but i decided to post this here for anyone who may be studying for your MCSE figured it might help you
    or in general someone who wants to learn a lil more about win 2k pro

    first off heres a minimum configuration list to install win 2k pro
    also hardware compatibility is determined by the HAL
    win 2k pro now supports more than 7000 hardware devices

    Hardware Requirements
    Pentium CPU
    64MB RAM
    One or more HDD's with a minimum of 650 MB of free disk space (2 GB is recommended)
    Video display adapter with VGA resolution or higher
    CD-ROM drive, 12X or faster recommended
    microsoft mouse or compatible pointing device
    the boot disks for win 2k pro can be made from the CD theres a folder Makeboot
    with two files in it Makeboot and makeboot32
    use the makeboot if ur planning on installing win 2k pro on a NTFS file system or FAT
    generally i wouldnt use a FAT or FAT32 file system unless your planning on dual booting
    and have 4 floppy's ready
    basically the setup and install is self explanatory
    for a file system i would personally decide on NTFS
    now jsut a few key notes on win 2k pro
    u can have personalized menus to keep track of programs you use and update the programs menu so that it presents only the programs taht you mose often use
    Task scheduler
    Win 2k pro supports the latest laptop technologies based on APM (Advanced Power Management) and ACPI (Advanced Configuration and POwer Interface), which turns off power to the display and hard disks after a period of inactivity, and allows you to change or remove devices without turning off the computer. ACPI also lengthens your battery life
    it has a network connection wizard
    VPN support
    has IPP (Internet Printing Protocol) which allows users to send documents to any printer on a win 2k network that is connected to the internet
    has good add/remove programs wizard
    windows self installer
    win 2k pro is a multiprocessing o/s capable of running on computers containing more then one processor
    win 2k pro provides SMP (summetric multiprocessing) system capabilities and supports two processors, it assumes that all processors are equal and that they all have access to the same physical memory
    win 2k pro can run any thread on any available processor regardless of whicih process owns the thread.
    the win 2k design also supports processor affinity where a process can specify that it is to run on a particular set of processors
    now about the NTFS file system
    the NTFS file system fupports file encryption and enables you to add disk space to an NTFS volume without having to restart the computer, it also supports distributed link tracking, per-user disk quotas to monitor and limit disk space use
    Now for a few security features im sure you all would rather be hearing about
    a few win 2k pro security features i will discuse LIGHTLY are kerbose 5, EFS, IPsec, and smart card support

    Kerbose 5 supports single login, allowing for faster authentication and faster network response
    EFS (Encryption file system) strengthens security by encrypting files on your HDD so that no one can access them without using the correct password
    IPSec (Internet Protocol Security) Encrypts tcp/ip traffic to secure communication within an intranet and provides the highest levels of security for VPN traffic across the internet

    ok lets jump into the fun stuff and then i might lay out a few questions to test your knowledge thus far if i dont pass out

    im not really gonna go into CAL right now maybe some other time ill talk about per seat and per server licensing

    Im going to talk a little bit about MMC Microsoft Management Consoles
    A primary administration tool you use to manage win 2k is MMC, which provides a standardized method to create, save, and open administration tools, which are called consoles
    now MMC doesnt provide management functions itself but its a program taht hosts management applications, called snap-ins, which you can use to perform one or more admin tasks, MMC also can be a great troubleshooting tool

    You can perform most of your administrative tasks and troubleshoot many programs by using only the MMC, which being able to use one interface saves time instead of having to use numerous interfaces
    You can use consoles to perform the majority of your admin tasks from one computer
    You can use most snap-ins for remote administration and troubleshooting, and win 2k does prompt you telling you when you can use a snap-in remotely
    consoles are saved as .MSC files
    i would go into creating consoles but hey its 3 am ill talk about it later jsut remind me about it
    the registry could be an interesting topic i could talk about i ahd this class today got to mess up a registry a few times its fun having a hdd u dont care about
    but i wont go into it maybe another time as my back is beginning to hurt and someone is now calling me to come to bed, but i think i can (will power :P drives the girls wild :D)
    now i will tell you if u've installed win 2k pro and u installed it as a FAT or FAT32 and now your saying DAMNIT i wish i woulda done it as NTFS ph33r not my small imbreed child for i am about to tell you how to switch it over without reinstalling
    run this command from well command heh
    Convert volume /FS:NTFS /v
    and replace volume with the drive letter assigned to colume C: whatever it may be
    i do beilive i will stop here for the night tommorow i may go into creating consoles registry TCP/IP protocol suite maybe a little OSI model *hears chants in the background*
    i might go over a few tcp/ip tools with win 2k pro
    and even yes *gasp* NW Link
    which is microsfts way of making it so win 2k pro can communicate with Novell

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Mar 2002
    and BTW
    this is Sysop_fb
    also known as Sysop_fb[BOFH]

  3. #3
    AntiOnline Senior Member souleman's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2001
    Flint, MI
    ahhhhh, not Sysop_fb, now I know better then to read your posts
    \"Ignorance is bliss....
    but only for your enemy\"
    -- souleman

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Oct 2001
    Hehe, Hey Sysop_fb[BOFH].... You go on my ignore list

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Mar 2002
    lol :P l

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Mar 2002
    ok another portion :)
    it has come to my attention that win 2k pro's minimum requirement of 64 MB ram is wrong
    thats for adv server win 2k pro's minimum requirement is 32 MB ram
    thanks uraloony :) and after all people give me some slack hehe it was 5 am :P
    and i wouldnt exactly run win 2k pro on 32 MB personally but you can experiment with it :)
    now, guess i can finish up some things where i kinda left you hanging :)
    ok CAL (Client Access License) Gives client computers the right to connect to computers running windows 2000 server so that the client computers can connect to network services, shared folders, printer resrouces, etc. when win 2k pro is installed, the network admin msut choose a CAL mode: Per Seat or Per Server
    The Per Seat licensing mode requires a seperate CAL for each client computer that is used to access Win 2k server for basic network services.
    in Per server licensing the CAL's are assigned to a particular server, each CAL allows one connection per client computer to the server for basic network services
    now thats basically for companies but if ur going to be getting certified u need to know a tad on it :)
    i will tell you how to install over the network in 4 simple steps

    1. On the target computer, boot from the network client
    2. connect to the distribution server, after you start the network client on the target computer, connect to the shared folder on the distribution server that contains the windows 2k pro installation files
    3. Run winnt.exe or winnt32.exe to start the setup program, use winnt.exe for installtion if u are using windows 2.X on the target system, and use winnt32.exe for installation if you are using win 95,98, NT, or 2k on the target system
    now this should create a temporary folder on the target system named $Win_nt$.ls
    now setup should comp the install files form the shared folder of the distribution server to the $Win_nt$.ls folder on the target computer :)
    4. Now set should reboot the target computer and begin instaling win 2k pro :)

    Ok now before i get 5 msg's from people asking what a distribution server is i guess ill go over it rather quickly
    A distribution server stores the distribution folder structure, the distribution folder structure contains the files necesesary to install win 2k pro over the network, its handy for when you have alot of computers on which to install win 2k pro or for doing multiple win 2k pro installs at the same time, in which you would have to create more then one set of distribution folders
    noooo i dont wanna talk about the registry *crys* fine you all win i hope your happy :P
    ok first off the editors
    Rededt32 and regedit i prefer regedt32 because of its security menu and read-only mode :)
    now ill define a few things for you :)
    Subtree - the win 2k registry has two subtrees: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE and HKEY_USERS, but to make the info in the registry easier to view, we have 5 predefined subtrees :)
    keys - Keys are analogous to folders and subfolders, keys correspond to hardware or software objects and groups of objects
    Entries - Keys contain one of more entries, an entry has three parts : name, data, type, and value
    Hive - A hive is a discrete body of keys, subkeys, and entries. Each hive has a corresponding registry file and .Log file located in systemroot\system32\config
    i wont get into data types unless someone asks about it then i will gladly post the info :)
    now a lil about the registry subtrees
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE contains all configuration data for the local computer, including hardware and os data such as bus type, mem, device drivers, and startup control data
    this data remains constant regtardless of who uses the computer
    HKEY_USERS contains the system default settings data used to control individual user identities and environments
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER contains data about the current user
    HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT contains software configuration data: object linking and embedding and file class association data
    HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG contains data on the active hardware profiles extracted from the software and system hives, this information is used to configurew settings such as the device drivers to load and the display resolution to use :)
    Registry can be your friend or your enemy :) always backup before you ever mess with anything in the registry
    now a friend of mine *cough* halo *cough* said NW Link is a waste of time and i am very open-minded so if u want to learn more about it you can post a question of come to the AO irc server im usually always on :)
    basically NW link is microsoft's implementation of IPX/SPX
    it allows computers running w2k to communicate with other devices that use IPX/SPX
    one thing i will say for all you people going to take the MCSE
    If a problem occurs with NW Link its MORE then likely to be an incorrect Frame Type
    ok im not going to get into DNS if you want to learn about DNS read RFC 1034 & RFC 1035
    or use google dont be scared of google :)
    ok tcp/ip time
    TCP/IP is a suite of protocols taht provides a set of standards for how computers communicate and how networks are interconnected, the suite of protocols map to a four-layer conceptual model : network interface, internet, transport, and application
    makes everyone think about OSI seven layer model eh :P it compares to it
    The Internet Layer encapsulates packets into internet datagrams, runs all necessary routing protocols the four Internet LAyer protocols are IP, ARP, ICMP, and IGMP
    The Transport layer provides communication sessions between computers the two transport layer protocols are TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) and UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
    The application layer allows applications to gain access to the network and has some standard TCP/IP utilities like FTP TelNet SNMP DNS and etc.
    The network interface layer is the base of the model it puts frames on the wire and pulls frames off the wire
    Win 2k pro by default uses DHCP (Dynamic Host Config PRotocol)
    if someone needs me to go indepth about DHCP i will do so jsut tell me
    thats enough for now i will continue this at a later date, my leg is killing me and i want to relax before work if you have any suggestions comments questions Etc jsut post it i will do my best to help you in any way
    after all im a very open-minded person and i love to hear comments on articles :)

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