I have seen many pages written for the modem and its installation but they mainly cover the ISA modems.
This is for the PCI Modem. Now if you are looking here because have a Win-modem I'm sorry, But i cant
help you.
Because todays machines are using pci boards and ISA is a thing of the past, I have written this
in hopes of helping a few souls out thier that need it. I know tht Highspeed access is the rage, and many
think that OMG your still on a Dialup, get High Speed Access (HSA). Well this is not an option for many so
the tried and true moden is the only way.
Most other tutorials will tell you that PCI wont work. Wrong! There are several True modems out
there that do. The Action-Tec Call Waiting Modem and the US Robotics 56k PCI Modem are 2 that I have
used personaly that work just great. With that said, the following instructions are based on those 2 modems.

The best thing to do is to read the box tha the modem comes in to make sure that its NOT a Modem-Emulator
or the so called Win-modem. On to the Nitty Gritty.

It is assumed that you have already installed the hardware as this paper is not intended as to tell you how to
do that. It is also assumed that you Kernel has serial support, and PPPD as well as a communication program
such as Mini-com

Log onto linux and start a terminal session and SU as root

The modem is going to be configured based on the following files that are assumed to be on the system
dev/ttySx or dev/cuax

If by chance they are not there you can add them by this command:
cd dev
./MAKEDEV ttySx (x=port number) ie: ./makedev ttsS4

on open Linux there is no make DEV so the command is:
mknod /dev/ttyS4 c 4 68
mknod/dev/tcua4 c 5 60
(note that in kernels 2.2.x and later the cuax have been depricated)

Next step is to create a few symbolic links

ln -s /dev/ttyS4 /dev/modem (this creates a symbolic link from the dev ttyS4 to dev modem)
chmod 666 /dev/ttyS4
chmod 666 /dev/modem

Now lets determine what communications por the modem is on
cat /proc/pci

Look at the output and find the modem
you might see something like this:

Bus 1, device 8, function 0:
Serial controller: US Robotics/3Com 56K FaxModem Model 5610 (rev 1).
IRQ 10.
I/O at 0xecb8 [0xecbf].

Write down the first input/output (I/O) and the IRQ
now type in this command:
setserial /dev/modem uart 16550a port <your value> irq <your value>

now try it out in mini-com. If it worked add the above command to the following file two times. as such:

in the file /etc/rc.d at the last line
setserial /dev/modem uart 16550a port <your value> irq <your value>
setserial /dev/modem uart 16550a port <your value> irq <your value>

This will insure that the modem is set every time that you boot!

Now lets set up the PPP

Is assumed that you have an ISP and valid account

you will need:
User name (login) and password
the Dial up Telephone number
the IP address thats been assigned (this doesnt apply if your ISP uses a Dynamic IP as Most Do)
The Dynamic Name Server (DNS) addresses (you need at least one i order to translate from
URL names like www.antionlind to the IPV4 IPV6 URL )

PPP comes with some scripts that are alread made that just need to be edited and moved a bit.
you can find them on MOST systems at
/usr/share/doc/ppp-2.x.x (depending on you version of ppp)

type in the following editing to fit your system

cp /usr/share/doc/ppp-2.4.1/scripts/ppp-* /etc/ppp

now cd to the /etc/ppp dir and open up in a text editor the following file


make the changes in the username password telephone numbers and such
also at the bottom of the file change the line that reada /dev/ttyS0 to the tty that you system uses
change the value 38400 to 115200. Save and close

Open up the ppp-on-dialer in an editor

change the setting afer TIMEOUT from 30 to 60
Change the line that reads
exec chat -v to
exec /usr/sbin/chat -v
save and close

Open up /etc/ppp/options and make SURE that there is a line that says LOCK
This prevents other processes from accessing the modem while in use. Save and Close

Now lets set the permissions

Make sure that your in /etc/ppp as root
Set the permissions for the scripts as follows

chmod +x ppp-o*

Now the passowrd is stored Unencrypted (yeah, I know thats not the best way, but hey, it works) so we are
going to se the permissions on that file to 711 (read/write/execute for the owner and execute-only for everyone

chmod 711 ppp-on
chown root ppp-on
chgrp root ppp-on

now open up /etc/resolv.conf and add in the DNS address that was provided by your ISP

Lets make another Symbolic link for the scripts

ln -s /etc/ppp/ppp-off
ln -s /etc/ppp/ppp-off

Thing should be up and working

If you Use a GUI Like X-server and KDE or GNOME you can edit the dialup programs from the GUI
interface and in a few moments be surfing the net to you hearts delight.

Note in KDE KPPP doenst have an entry for DEV above ttyS3 so make sure that you use /dev/modem as we
have already set the link for it

Hoped this helped and happy surfing.