Basic Linux command tutorial
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Thread: Basic Linux command tutorial

  1. #1
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Feb 2003

    Post Basic Linux command tutorial

    Hello everybody this is my second tut and this is going to be long one because I still don't know where and when I am going to end this linux commands tutorial, so lets say it is going to be Part I.

    Linux has hundreds of commands and functions so if I don't mention here, I will mention it on my other tutorial. In this part I am going to talk about commands and their functions. Linux commands are case sensitive so capital letters should be typed in CAPITAL WAY and small letters should be typed in small alphabets. Ok so here goes

    This command works with archive
    This runs a command at specific time
    This will run the Apple Talk filling deamon
    This will let you know about your machine architecture
    This will show you scheduled commands
    This will convert ASCII to bitmap
    this support appletalk network
    this prints banner
    bmtoa (this convert a bitmap to ASCII)
    basename(this displays basename of a file)
    batch(thisruns batch commands)
    bitmap(this edits and views bitmaps)
    bootpd(manage the Internet Bootstrap Protocol)
    badblocks(this will search a device for bad blocks)
    bc,dc,xcalc(this will perform calculations)
    bliff,newmail,xbiff,wnewmail(will let you know if there is any incoming mail)
    cal(to view the calander)
    compress,bzip2,znew,gzip(this to compress a file)
    comm(compares sorted files)
    cmp(compare files)
    cut(cutbytes, and character and columns)
    cpio(if you wanna create an archive)
    cp(copy files)
    cd (to change directory)
    chgrp(to change group)
    chfn(to change finger info)
    cksum(this calculates the number of bytes)
    chown(change the ownership of file)
    cardinfo(monitor PC acrd devices)
    cfdisk,or fdisk(to partiton hard drive)
    chmod(change file permission mode)
    chroot(change the root directory)
    csplit or split(split file)
    cshs(change shell)
    dircolors(set colors)
    diff (compares the text files)
    diff3(compares the three text files)
    date(displays the current date or you can even change the date too)
    dnsquery (this will let you know about the DNS server)
    dnsdomainname(this will show you the name of domain)
    dumpkeys, or kdb_mode( this will let you view info about keyboard)
    echo(echo input)
    eject( eject cd out of cdrom)
    ed(edit the text file)
    elm(to create or read an e-mail)
    env(for envirenment variables)
    egrep(this search files)
    editres(this edits X resources)
    fromdos(convert DOS files to Linux files)
    formail(this format e-mails)
    fastmail(send batches of e-mail)
    fetchmail(gets e-mail from server)
    fsck(check and repair damaged files)
    find(duh, find files)
    fsinfo(font information)
    fslsfonts(lists fonts)
    fdformat(format floppy disk)
    ftpd(launch an FTP server
    fdmount(mount the floppy disk)
    ftp(to transfer files)
    file( let you know about the file type)
    gcc or g++(compile C++ progs)
    g77(compile fortran progs)
    gzexe(compress an exe file)
    gdb(debug progs)
    gimp(edits graphics,images)
    groupadd(let you create a group)
    gpm(let you use mouse in terminal mode)
    gnuplot(plot data)
    ghostview(view a postscript file)
    head(displys first 10 lines)
    hattrib(this change attributes of HFS files)
    hcd(this changes the working dir of HFS)
    hcopy(copy to or from filesfrom HFS volume)
    hdel(deletes forks of an HFS file)
    hdir(show you HFS direcroty)
    hformat(to create a new HFS file system)
    hls(list files in HFS directory)
    hmkdir(create a new HFS directory)
    hmount(mount a new HFS vol)
    hpwd(print the full path to an HFS working directory)
    hrename(rename an HFS file)
    hrmdir(remove an empty HFS directory)
    humount(remove an HFS vol)
    hvol(display or change the current HFS)
    hfs(launch a shell for manipulating HFS volumes)
    host(returns host information)
    hostname(show current host name)
    hattrib(change HFS file attribiutes)
    imapd(Launch an IMAP mail server)
    installpkg(install packages)
    inetd(launch an internet server)
    info(view information)
    ispell(check you spellings)
    join ( this joins the sorted files)
    klogd(log the kernel messages)
    ksyms(display kernel symbols)
    kerneld(manage kernel modules)
    kill or killall or xkill( ends of any running process)
    lilo(install boot loader)
    ln(links files)
    ls(list files)
    login( login to system)
    logname(view your login name)
    lpr(print file)
    lprm(delete print job)

    latex(let you know which is a better latex condom,, hehehehe nah nah, runs the TeX formatter)

    lynx(browse the internet)
    listalias(list systme and user aliases)
    mkisofs, mkhybrid ( create a CD formated music)
    minicom (this is for hackers hehehehe connects to another computer)
    mkdosfs(make a DOS file system)
    mkdir(make a directory)
    metasend(send multimedia e-mail)
    mkfifo(make FIFO)mkfs(make a linux file system)
    mkswap(make a Linux swap area)
    mzip(change protection on a Zip disk)
    midinfo(return information about kernel module)
    mimecode(encode e-mail)
    mmencode(do the same)
    merge(merge files)
    mt(control a tape drive)
    mount(mount a disk)
    mv(let you move the files around)
    makepkg(make packages)

    to be cont.....
    I need a break now
    print "end now"

  2. #2
    AntiOnline Senior Member souleman's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2001
    Flint, MI
    Is this a tut, or a quick reference list to commands?
    \"Ignorance is bliss....
    but only for your enemy\"
    -- souleman

  3. #3
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    I am working on my second tut which is going to be detailed one. I am sorry about this short ref tut of linux commands. I actually mentioned it above in my tut I am only going to talk about commands and their function.

  4. #4
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2002
    Originally posted here by souleman
    Is this a tut, or a quick reference list to commands?
    ... which is already posted several times (see Similar Threads at the bottom of this page).

    Peace always,
    Always listen to experts. They\'ll tell you what can\'t be done and why. Then go and do it. -- Robert Heinlein
    I\'m basically a very lazy person who likes to get credit for things other people actually do. -- Linus Torvalds

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Sep 2002
    Vety short then I don't understand what fuking are u talk, u write name of command.

  6. #6
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Nov 2001
    What I would like to see is someone making a good looking wallpaper with a lot of usable commands on it. Then maybe even I could remember all of them!

    Can't make it myself, though. Colors & shapes don't come easy with me...

  7. #7
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Sep 2001
    it'd probably be clearer if everyone just did man <cmd>.. that's very difficult to follow and very ambiguous, do these cmds take arguments? or do they ask you for all the information they need?

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Dec 2002
    ref is qewl but man <cmd> is great ref for me

    man is the greatest Linux cmd ever!!

    Just wanted to add my 2cents

  9. #9
    Senior Member problemchild's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jul 2002
    It's a pretty fair list of commands, but I'm kind of like souleman - I'm not sure who the target audience is. There are a lot of commands on the list that refer to packages that may or may not be installed by default on any given distribution, so newbies are likely to be confused when they type 'mkisofs' or 'gimp' and get a 'command not found' error. Conversely, newbies are *certain* to be confused if they open a terminal and type 'ftpd' or 'imapd' expecting to have a working FTP or IMAP server on their box. On the other hand, more advanced users expect more in-depth discussion of the commands if you are going to include them.

    A command reference should not be an attempt to catalog every command that can conceivably be issued from a command prompt, because that would be an impossibly huge undertaking. Rather, it should be confined to the basic shell (bash, csh, tcsh, etc) commands that are present in any Linux terminal. Packages like ftpd and imapd are far too complex to be included in a passing reference like this and be meaningful in any way.
    Do what you want with the girl, but leave me alone!

  10. #10
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Feb 2003
    I am working on my detailed Linux commands and their functions. Well I am going to put them in five different catagories, i,e.
    General Purpose Commands, File Management Commands , Text Processing Commands, Internet Commands, Programming Commands and Networking Commands and I will probably post it by late wed or thursday. I am really sorry for this quicky. I tried to deleat it but I passed certain time limit, so I am going to leave it as it is.

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