one and one = three?
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Thread: one and one = three?

  1. #1
    Hi mom!
    Join Date
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    one and one = three?

    Can someone explain this to me?

    How can mysql use 44% CPU while the CPU is 98.8 percent idle? Okay, this is quite an extreme difference. I've been watching a small webserver (266mhz, FreeBSD 4.7) and there always seems to be a difference between the idle CPU cycles and the (combined) CPU cycles that all the processes use.

    Code:
    CPU states:  0.4% user,  0.0% nice,  0.0% system,  0.8% interrupt, 98.8% idle
    Mem: 33M Active, 9712K Inact, 26M Wired, 5752K Cache, 17M Buf, 488K Free
    Swap: 300M Total, 10M Used, 290M Free, 3% Inuse
    
      PID USERNAME PRI NICE  SIZE    RES STATE    TIME   WCPU    CPU COMMAND
      149 mysql      2   0 34292K  7640K poll    22.3H 44.09% 44.09% mysqld
    46560 www        2   0  5160K  4336K sbwait   0:09  1.32%  1.32% httpd
    46561 www        2   0  5024K  4212K sbwait   0:05  0.78%  0.78% httpd
    46565 www        2   0  5080K  4244K sbwait   0:07  0.73%  0.73% httpd
    I wish to express my gratitude to the people of Italy. Thank you for inventing pizza.

  2. #2
    are you sure that it isn't a different sector of the drive that it is on about

  3. #3
    Hi mom!
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    Drive? CPU!
    I wish to express my gratitude to the people of Italy. Thank you for inventing pizza.

  4. #4
    Just a Virtualized Geek MrLinus's Avatar
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    Guus,

    I found this from a defunct page (url was www.tchpc.tcd.ie/support/Training/User_Course/ process-management-tools.html ; accessed via Google )

    The percentages given are "user", which means the time the CPU spends running userland programs, "system" which is the time spent doing kernel tasks, "nice" which is the time spent doing tasks with a nice value of less than 0, and idle time.

    "niced" tasks have to execute at some stage in either user or kernel space, so therefore the overall total you see will be more than 100% if there are many niced programs running.
    It's the user CPU you're seeing the 44%, not overall. So that would mean for that user, MySQL is taking 44% of what the user is using, which may be .01% of the system as a whole. Does that make sense?
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  5. #5
    Senior Member
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    Nah, it cannot be that simple, there must be some chaos math application going on here. I just have to remember which one. . .it's gotta be that 100-44=98.8 ya there ya go, solved it mathematically.

  6. #6
    Hi mom!
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    Yes it does.
    So, in my example above, both mysql and www (the three pid's combined) could each reach 100% (in theory at least) without using 100% of my actual, 'irl' CPU cycles?

    The3ntropy: You evil genius! You solved it! *cough*smartass*cough*
    I wish to express my gratitude to the people of Italy. Thank you for inventing pizza.

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