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Thread: CCNA Exam Question

  1. #1
    Senior Member cwk9's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2002

    CCNA Exam Question

    Well the school year is almost over and like many students in IT programs that means certification exams. My cert of choice is CCNA. Almost done cisco semester 4 and plan on writing the exam about a week after that. Just wondering if anyone could provide any insight on the exam its self. Is there anything in the exam that maybe wasn't emphasized in cisco's text books or on-line content?

    The main topics I'm focusing most of my studying on are
    -Router commands
    -Trouble shooting

    I fairly good at memorization so I'm not to worried about ISDN/Frame Relay/IPX/OSI stuff.

  2. #2
    AO Veteran NeuTron's Avatar
    Join Date
    Apr 2003
    In the CCNA 2.0 exam, router simulators were a big part of it. Also don't forget the WAN protocols.

  3. #3
    AO übergeek phishphreek's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2002
    I too am taking the CCNA semester 4 exam (both skills and written) in about a week and a half.
    I just got home from my class and we did a review. We basically reviewed EVERYTHING from semesters 1-4. I will be taking the CCNA cert exam shortly after. I'm going to give myself a month to go over everything get a cram exam. There is a voucher test you can take too... if you are part of the academy. If you pass with a 75 or better (won't go against your grade) you can get 40% off the cost of the exam (normally like $125 or so).

    We have the option to take some pre-tests too... like semester pre tests, and CCNA pretests.

    Here are the CCNA Exam Objectives...

    CCNA Exam Objectives

    OSI Reference

    Identify and describe the functions of each of the seven layers of the OSI reference model.
    Describe connection-oriented network service and connectionless network service, and identify the key differences between them.
    Describe data link addresses and network addresses, and identify the key differences between them.
    Identify at least 3 reasons why the industry uses a layered model.
    Define and explain the 5 conversion steps of data encapsulation.
    Define flow control and describe the three basic methods used in networking.
    List the key internetworking functions of the OSI Network layer and how they are performed in a router.
    WAN Protocols

    Differentiate between the following WAN services: Frame Relay, ISDN/LAPD, HDLC, & PPP.
    Recognize key Frame Relay terms and features.
    List commands to configure Frame Relay LMIs, maps, and subinterfaces.
    List commands to monitor Frame Relay operation in the router.
    Identify PPP operations to encapsulate WAN data on Cisco routers.
    State a relevant use and context for ISDN networking.
    Identify ISDN protocols, function groups, reference points, and channels.
    Describe Cisco's implementation of ISDN BRI.

    Log into a router in both user and privileged modes.
    Use the context-sensitive help facility.
    Use the command history and editing features.
    Examine router elements (RAM, ROM, CDP, show).
    Manage configuration files from the privileged exec mode.
    Control router passwords, identification, and banner.
    Identify the main Cisco IOS commands for router startup.
    Enter an initial configuration using the setup command.
    Copy and manipulate configuration files.
    List the commands to load Cisco IOS software from: flash memory, a TFTP server, or ROM.
    Prepare to backup, upgrade, and load a backup Cisco IOS software image.
    Prepare the initial configuration of your router and enable IP.
    Network Protocols

    Monitor Novell IPX operation on the router.
    Describe the two parts of network addressing, then identify the parts in specific protocol address examples.
    Create the different classes of IP addresses [and subnetting].
    Configure IP addresses.
    Verify IP addresses.
    List the required IPX address and encapsulation type.
    Enable the Novell IPX protocol and configure interfaces.
    Identify the functions of the TCP/IP transport-layer protocols.
    Identify the functions of the TCP/IP network-layer protocols.
    Identify the functions performed by ICMP.
    Configure IPX access lists and SAP filters to control basic Novell traffic.

    Add the RIP routing protocol to your configuration.
    Add the IGRP routing protocol to your configuration.
    Explain the services of separate and integrated multiprotocol routing.
    List problems that each routing type encounters when dealing with topology changes and describe techniques to reduce the number of these problems.
    Describe the benefits of network segmentation with routers.
    Network Security

    Configure standard and extended access lists to filter IP traffic.
    Monitor and verify selected access list operations on the router.
    LAN Switching

    Describe the advantages of LAN segmentation.
    Describe LAN segmentation using bridges.
    Describe LAN segmentation using routers.
    Describe LAN segmentation using switches.
    Name and describe two switching methods.
    Describe full- and half-duplex Ethernet operation.
    Describe network congestion problems in Ethernet networks.
    Describe the benefits of network segmentation with bridges.
    Describe the benefits of network segmentation with switches.
    Describe the features and benefits of Fast Ethernet.
    Describe the guidelines and distance limitations of Fast Ethernet.
    Distinguish between cut-through and store-and-forward LAN switching.
    Describe the operation of the Spanning Tree Protocol and its benefits.
    Describe the benefits of virtual LANs.
    Define and describe the function of a MAC address.
    Damn... now my fingers hurt.

    Were you looking for more than that?
    I know a couple of good places to find the pretests... PM me.
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  4. #4
    Senior Member cwk9's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2002
    I'll make sure to go through that list.

    Some of the better materials I've found for studying are
    -boson router simulator
    -boson CCNA practice test
    -boopser study guides

    Everyone in my class got together and cooked up a CD full CCNA study material about 700mb worth. I've been going over it for a few weeks and I haven't starched the surface.

    Dumped a tree /f /a to a text file and attached it to this post just in case anyone wants to go look for some of it on Google of Kazaa.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Dec 2002
    Cisco & CCNA Tutorials to download

    On the Right Hand-side at Top, Right click the PDF icon to download each eBook.

    Introduction to Internet

    Introduction to LAN Protocols

    Introduction to WAN Technologies

    Bridging Basics

    Routing Basics

    Network Management Basics


    Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI)

    Token Ring/IEEE 802.5

    Frame Relay

    High-Speed Serial Interface (HSSI)

    Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)

    Point to Point Protocol (PPP)

    Switched Multimegabit Data Service (SMDS)

    Synchronous Data Link Control (SDLC)and Derivatives


    Multiservice Access Technologies

    Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)

    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Switching

    Data-Link Switching (DLSw)

    LAN Switching

    Tag Switching

    Mixed Media Bridging

    Source-Route Bridging (SRB)

    Transparent Bridging

    Apple Talk


    IBM Systems Network Architecture (SNA) Protocols

    Internet Protocols (IP)

    NetWare Protocols

    Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Protocols

    Banyan VINES

    Xerox Network Systems

    Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

    Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)

    IBM System Network Architecture (SNA) Routing

    Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP)

    Internet Protocol (IP) Multicast

    NetWare Link-Services Protocol (NLSP)

    Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Routing Protocol Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

    Resource-Reservation Protocol (RSVP)

    Routing Information Protocol (RIP)

    Simple Multicast Routing Protocol (SMRP)

    Quality of Service (QoS)

    Security Technologies

    Directory-Enabled Networking

    Networking Caching Technologies

    IBM Network Management

    Remote Monitoring (RMON)

    Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

    Cable Technologies

    Digital Subscriber Line

    Dial-Up Technologies


    MPLS Tag-Switching

    Voice/Data Integration Technologies





    TransTrainer for CCNA

    4.6 Hours of top notch video instruction to help you prepare for the exam
    Related Exam: 640-607 Cisco Certified Network Associate

    Exam Description

    The Cisco Certified Network Associate exam (CCNA) is the only exam required to achieve a CCNA Routing and Switching certification.

    Exam Topics

    The following topics are general guidelines for the content likely to be included on the CCNA exam. However, other related topics may also appear on any specific delivery of the exam.

    Distinguish between cut-through and store-and-forward LAN switching
    Describe the operation of the Spanning Tree Protocol and its benefits
    Verify the operation of the Spanning Tree Protocol on the switch
    Describe the operation and benefits of VLANs
    Configure VLANs on a switch
    Configure VTP and trunking on switches
    Compare and contrast switches and bridges
    Identify anomolies in VLAN, trunking, and VTP operation
    Configure a switch for basic operations

    OSI Reference Model & Layered Communication
    Describe data link and network addresses and identify key differences between them
    Identify at least three reasons why the industry uses a layered model
    Define and explain the conversion steps of data encapsulation and
    Describe connection-oriented network service and connectionless network service, and identify their key differences
    Describe the functions of each the seven layers of the OSI model and their corresponding applications
    Compare the OSI model with the TCP/IP stack
    Match networking devices to their OSI layer(s)
    Use the OSI model as a conceptual strategy to identify network problems

    Routed Protocols
    Describe the different classes of IP addresses including subnetting and
    private addresses
    Configure IP addresses
    Troubleshoot IP address schemes
    Develop an IP addressing scheme to meet requirements
    Identify the fundamental uses of various TCP/IP application layer protocols
    Convert between decimal, hexadecimal, and binary
    Define flow control and describe the three basic methods used in networking
    Explain the functions of the TCP/IP network and transport layer protocols

    Routing Protocols
    Configure a router for inter-VLAN communication
    Verify IP routing with show and debug commands
    Compare and contrast the key operations that distinguish distance-vector,
    link-state, and hybrid protocols
    Identify exterior and interior routing protocols
    Configure static and default routes on a router
    Enable RIP and IGRP on a router
    Identify routing metrics used by IGRP and RIP

    WAN Protocols
    Explain key Frame Relay terms and features
    Configure Frame Relay LMIs, maps, and subinterfaces
    Identify ISDN protocols, function groups, reference points, and
    Differentiate between the following WAN services: LAPB, Frame Relay,
    Identify PPP operations to encapsulate WAN data on Cisco routers
    Use show commands to display network operational parameters so that
    anomalies are detected
    Configure ISDN BRI and legacy dial-on-demand routing (DDR)
    Configure a serial connection with PPP encapsulation

    Network Management
    Monitor and verify selected access list operations on the router
    Configure authentification types (CHAP/PAP) on PPP links
    Manage configuration files from the privilege EXEC mode
    Manage IOS images and device configuration files
    Load Cisco IOS software from: Flash memory, a TFTP server, or ROM
    Perform backup, upgrade, and loading of Cisco IOS software and
    configuration files
    Configure access lists to meet specified operational requirements
    Use CDP to identify a network topology
    Use ICMP to verify network connectivity and locate network problems

    LAN Technologies
    Determine the appropriate uses for full- and half-duplex Ethernet operation.
    Describe the causes and effects of network congestion in Ethernet networks
    Describe the benefits of network segmentation with various networking devices
    Identify the cause(s) of LAN connectivity problem
    Describe the function, operation, and primary components on a LAN

    Cisco Basics, IOS & Network Basics
    Describe router elements (RAM, ROM, Flash, NVRAM, config register)
    Configure router passwords, identification, and banner
    Use the context-sensitive help facility
    Use the command history and editing features
    Perform the initial router configuration (including using the setup mode).
    Use show commands to display basic network operational parameters
    Describe router start-up sequence
    Establish connectivity from a host to the appropriate network device to perform
    configuration tasks
    In accordance with open standards, interconnect network devices
    Differentiate between routed and routing protocols

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Apr 2003

    Exclamation Revision

    Don't foget the Threaded Case Study, logical and physical topologies.

    Just go through and use Review to get all the important details, like why use a Multimetre, or the OSI layers.

    Look at your engineering manual too, especial the ones on LANS, and Cables

  7. #7
    hi cwk9 how did u prepare for CCNA i mean did u join some classes or self study and plz tell me about router simulator stuff.

  8. #8
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Dec 2001


    woaow that was a lot of links sanriver12 did you have all on favorite or did you google them all ?

    anyways, i passed the ccna last year and there was more emphasis on metrics of protocoles rip, ospf, eigrp ... know the differences and remember why sna cannot be routed directly ...
    here is a targeted doc that should help out.
    assembly.... digital dna ?

  9. #9
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2002
    I'm currently taking the cisco 4th semester but i took and passed the CCNA before i had even finished the third semester. Subnetting and ACLs are an absolute must also I'd recommend going over first and second semester labs to prepare for the router sims. Know all your OSI basics in and out and as for WANs, most of your studying can be focused on ISDN though skimming the others won't hurt any.

    The CCNA isn't all that difficult, I used Sybec's CCNA study book to prepare on stuff I hadn't yet learned in the cisco curriculum.

    Have fun and Good Luck!
    what is love but contempt for hate?

  10. #10
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Mar 2003
    central il
    Schools have four semesters of work for a CCNA..thats nuts...if you work in the feild that exame is cake, if you are knew it sohuld be 6 months of studying max.

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