To get Knoppix installed onto your hard drive:
Boot the Knoppix CD.
When the boot prompt comes up, choose your language.
Most of us speak English, so we'll type:
boot: knoppix lang=en
then press ENTER (you don't type the 'boot:' part, of course)
Wait till the system is fully launched, including the KDE desktop
Press CTRL-ALT-F1, to get a root console. You should see a shell prompt
Follow the guided installation menus. This will include:
Creating a Linux partition (at least 2.5GB
Creating a Linux Swap partition (at least 256MB)
'Mounting' the Linux partition as root
Initialising the swap partition
Copying all the required files (automatically)
Setting up networking
Setting up the bootloader (Note: take care with this stage - it could render your system incapable of booting into Windows. If you really need Windows, then it might be a good idea to set up GRUB Bootloader with a 'chainloader' entry, so that you can dual boot. Working this out is an exercise left to the reader - there are too many possible scenarios for me to cover in this short guide. Also see man grub and the files in /usr/share/doc/grub)
Rebooting (without the CD)
When you've rebooted Knoppix from your hard disk, click on the KDE Control Centre icon in the launcher at the bottom of the screen (icon of a colour monitor with a card in front of it)
Within the Control Center, click on Personliche Einstellungen
Click on Land und Sprache
Choose the locale and language of your choice
Click on Andwenden at bottom of that window
Close and restart the Control Center
Click on Peripherals, then Keyboard, and choose your preferred keyboard layout (which will probably be US.English. Click OK and close the window
Press CTRL-ALT-F2 to get to the root console, and log in as root (using the password you chose when you ran the installer)
(Optional) - type apt-get update (followed by ENTER). This will update your list of available packages, and takes about 5-10 minutes.
Hey, presto, you've got a fully installed GNU/Linux desktop
From here on in, you'll probably want to fine-tune a few things, set up themes, backgrounds etc. But most of the hard work is already done for you!
And lastly, note that Knoppix is based on Debian, which is arguably the finest GNU/Linux infrastructure available. To learn more about your system, and how to add/change/remove software, go to the Debian website and read the documents. If you get really stuck, start up X-Chat and log into irc.debian.org or irc.openprojects.net and join channel #debian. That is one busy chat room, with Debian Linux experts present 24/7, willing to help.