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  1. #1
    Senior Member
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    samba annoying

    hello all

    i am still getting probs with config'ing samba

    i have a linux RH9 box and an XP box

    the linux box is running the latest samba and can mount the shared windows directory
    but i can not write to it. I have tried everything with no sucess. chmod 777 as root but the file changes permission straight away

    the second problem is the XP box can not even see the linux box so i can not pull files from it

    i have been trying for months and there is some school boy error which i have overlooked

    can someone say what it is


    here is a copy of my smb.conf file

    # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
    # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
    # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
    # many!) most of which are not shown in this example
    #
    # Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
    # is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
    # for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
    # may wish to enable
    #
    # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
    # to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
    #
    #======================= Global Settings =====================================
    [global]

    # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
    workgroup = MSHOME

    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
    server string = Samba

    # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
    # connections to machines which are on your local network. The
    # following example restricts access to two C class networks and
    # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
    # the smb.conf man page
    hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

    # if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
    # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
    printcap name = /etc/printcap
    load printers = yes

    # It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
    # yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
    # bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
    ; printing = bsd

    # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
    # otherwise the user "nobody" is used
    ; guest account = pcguest

    # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

    # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
    max log size = 50

    # Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
    # security_level.txt for details.
    security = user
    # Use password server option only with security = server
    ; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

    # Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
    # all combinations of upper and lower case.
    ; password level = 8
    ; username level = 8

    # You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
    # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
    # Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
    ; encrypt passwords = yes
    ; smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

    # The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
    # update the Linux system password also.
    # NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
    # NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
    # the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
    # to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
    ; unix password sync = Yes
    ; passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    ; passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *ReType*new*UNIX*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

    # Unix users can map to different SMB User names
    ; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    ; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

    # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
    # See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
    socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

    # Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
    # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
    # here. See the man page for details.
    ; interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24

    # Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
    # request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
    # a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
    ; remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
    # Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
    ; remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

    # Browser Control Options:
    # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
    # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
    ; local master = no

    # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
    # elections. The default value should be reasonable
    ; os level = 33

    # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
    # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
    # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
    ; domain master = yes

    # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
    # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
    ; preferred master = yes

    # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
    # Windows95 workstations.
    ; domain logons = yes

    # if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
    # per user logon script
    # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
    ; logon script = %m.bat
    # run a specific logon batch file per username
    ; logon script = %U.bat

    # Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
    # %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
    # You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
    ; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

    # All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses
    # 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified
    # the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix
    # system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR
    # DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf
    # and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration
    # dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups
    # in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care!
    # The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT
    # on the local network segment
    # - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS.
    ; name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast

    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
    ; wins support = yes

    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    ; wins server = w.x.y.z

    # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
    # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
    # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
    ; wins proxy = yes

    # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
    # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
    # this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
    dns proxy = no

    # Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
    # NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
    ; preserve case = no
    ; short preserve case = no
    # Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
    ; default case = lower
    # Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!
    ; case sensitive = no

    #============================ Share Definitions ==============================
    [homes]
    comment = Home Directories
    browseable = yes
    writable = yes

    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
    ; [netlogon]
    ; comment = Network Logon Service
    ; path = /home/netlogon
    ; guest ok = yes
    ; writable = no
    ; share modes = no


    # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
    # the default is to use the user's home directory
    ;[Profiles]
    ; path = /home/profiles
    ; browseable = no
    ; guest ok = yes


    # NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
    # specifically define each individual printer
    [printers]
    comment = All Printers
    path = /var/spool/samba
    browseable = no
    # Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
    guest ok = no
    writable = no
    printable = yes

    # This one is useful for people to share files
    ;[tmp]
    ; comment = Temporary file space
    ; path = /tmp
    ; read only = no
    ; public = yes

    # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
    # the "staff" group
    ;[public]
    ; comment = Public Stuff
    ; path = /home/samba
    ; public = yes
    ; read only = yes
    ; write list = @staff

    # Other examples.
    #
    # A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
    # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
    # wherever it is.
    ;[fredsprn]
    ; comment = Fred's Printer
    ; valid users = fred
    ; path = /homes/fred
    ; printer = freds_printer
    ; public = no
    ; writable = no
    ; printable = yes

    # A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
    # access to the directory.
    ;[fredsdir]
    ; comment = Fred's Service
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/private
    ; valid users = fred
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

    # a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
    # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
    # also use the %u option to tailor it by user name.
    # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.
    ;[pchome]
    ; comment = PC Directories
    ; path = /usr/pc/%m
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes

    # A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
    # created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
    # any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
    # directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course
    # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
    ;[public]
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
    ; public = yes
    ; only guest = yes
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

    # The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
    # users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
    # setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the
    # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
    # as many users as required.
    ;[myshare]
    ; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/shared
    ; valid users = mary fred
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no
    ; create mask = 0765
    like life, this is a test

  2. #2
    Elite Hacker
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    I think the problem with writing to the directory is on the windows side, you have to set the permissions there for the user to be able to write. And as for not seeing your linux box, you can have samba installed, but you still have to run the daemon. That will make your computer show up on the windows box. If you didn't install the server config tools when you installed redhat, it might be a good idea to install the one for samba, it makes it so easy to setup. just pop in disk one and it should take you to a screen where you can add software from the disks and go to server config tools, and check it and click details, and make sure the one for samba is checked along with any others you may want. Once you config it, I don't know if you can start samba with the config tool, but if you can't go to the redhat menu>system settings>server settings(you will also find your config tool here)>services and scroll down to smb and make sure it is running by clicking on it. In the bottom right window it will say if it is running or not, if not just click on start when you have smb selected. That worked for me and I hope it works for you. Good luck.

  3. #3
    Senior Member
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    yep done that samba is up and running

    i have been doing it the hardway

    cd /etc/rc.d/init.d; ./smb restart

    each time i have adjusted the smb.conf file

    this should start all service? including the server?

    Even if i change the file permissions on the windows box when i mount the file the permissions have changed!!


    the annoying thing is i am using the same XP box and same smb.conf file as i did on an older linux box and it ain't working!!
    like life, this is a test

  4. #4
    Senior Member
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    Off-Topic:
    btw i heard that if you are part of a domain that has a server running Samba and if you type on the IE the IP of the server and then a port i think 932. It shows you the control panel of Samba. Does it exist???

  5. #5
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    i have found that i have to be root to move files between the computers

    how can i set it up so my normal login can swap files
    like life, this is a test

  6. #6
    AntiOnline Senior Member souleman's Avatar
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    Gbinary> thats called SWAT... its the samba web config tool....

    yellowcat>
    uncomment these 2 lines>
    ; encrypt passwords = yes
    ; smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
    on the windows box, make sure you change the permissions on your shared directory.

    Are you running a domain at all? do you have a PDC or is this just a workgroup?
    \"Ignorance is bliss....
    but only for your enemy\"
    -- souleman

  7. #7
    AO Curmudgeon rcgreen's Avatar
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    [homes]
    comment = Home Directories
    browseable = yes
    writable = yes
    It looks like this is the only share definition. All others are commented out.
    Do you have the corresponding home directories, named for the XP host and login name?

    I have something like this, to make a shared directory

    Code:
    [public]
    path = /public
    public = yes
    valid users = @home rcgreen stacy kirby
    writable = yes
    I came in to the world with nothing. I still have most of it.

  8. #8
    AO übergeek phishphreek's Avatar
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    have you added smb users?

    smbpasswd -a username

    then create passwords for them.

    They will need the same userid and password on the windows box, the linux box and the samba userid.

    for my shares, I use this format

    [example]
    comment = example
    path = /example
    browsable = no #change to yes if you want it to show up in the network browser
    write list = root user
    writable = no
    valid users = root user
    create mode = 0750
    public = no
    guest ok = no
    Quitmzilla is a firefox extension that gives you stats on how long you have quit smoking, how much money you\'ve saved, how much you haven\'t smoked and recent milestones. Very helpful for people who quit smoking and used to smoke at their computers... Helps out with the urges.

  9. #9
    Senior Member
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    Originally posted here by souleman
    Gbinary> thats called SWAT... its the samba web config tool....

    yellowcat>
    uncomment these 2 lines>
    ; encrypt passwords = yes
    ; smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
    on the windows box, make sure you change the permissions on your shared directory.

    Are you running a domain at all? do you have a PDC or is this just a workgroup?

    Thanks man. Do you know the port that it use?

  10. #10
    AO übergeek phishphreek's Avatar
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    swat runs on tcp port 901, but I believe you can config it to run on any port you want.

    http://techrepublic.com.com/5100-6261-1035709.html is a decent article about how to config it.

    I've seen better though...

    IMO, its much easier to config via the smb.conf file rather than point and click.

    I used swat one time, and it really screwed up my config. I had to recreate it from scratch.

    You eiter use swat only, or manually config smb.conf only. Don't do both...
    Quitmzilla is a firefox extension that gives you stats on how long you have quit smoking, how much money you\'ve saved, how much you haven\'t smoked and recent milestones. Very helpful for people who quit smoking and used to smoke at their computers... Helps out with the urges.

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