Thread: General cryptography question

1. Originally Posted by sec_ware
Hi

Substitution ciphers _can_ be extremely secure. Actually, the only known
class of unbreakable ciphers is often categorised as a subsitution ciphers:

The drawback certainly is that the key has to be quite long, has to be perfectly
random, and the pad should not be got lost
Why would they need to be perfectly random? If you used something like a book for a key, how would that be worse than using the same length string of random characters? The chance of someone guessing that you used that book as a key would be fairly slim, so i wouldn't even consider that as a factor in the security, unless it was an extremely common book that has something to do with the contents or something in that nature. And even if they did guess it, they'd still need the exact same document, with all the same spaces and everything.

2. Hi

Why would they need to be perfectly random? If you used something like a book for a key, how would that be worse than using the same length string of random characters?
Certainly, you are making a good point. That is why often risk management is
used in relation to IT security. Besides the identification of assets, threat
agents, threats and vulnerabilities[1], probabilities are also applied.

So, you are counting in the probability in order to make a decision. This is
real life.

In theory, however, a claim like unbreakable cipher can only hold
if you can prove it. You cannot prove it with an arbitrary passage from a book:
as you say, there is a slim chance - and 'slim' is not 'zero'.
Of course, it would be hard to apply all possibilities, however, in a few
thousand years, the message will be decrypted eventually...

Thus, I had to mention perfectly random. Even ordinary random generators
are fully deterministic - once you know the seed, you know everything[2],
and breaking the message gets trivial.

Cheers

[1] http://tazforum.blogspot.com/ (see "identifying the assets and their values",
which was a contribution of mine in a discussion and made a blog entry).
[2] http://antionline.com/showpost.php?p...4&postcount=12

Page 2 of 2 First 12

Posting Permissions

• You may not post new threads
• You may not post replies
• You may not post attachments
• You may not edit your posts
•

×
We have made updates to our Privacy Policy to reflect the implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation.