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Thread: How to make a USB Key Bootable

  1. #1
    AO French Antique News Whore
    Join Date
    Aug 2001

    How to make a USB Key Bootable

    If anyone saw this thread. I finally find the answer! I think it's worthwhile to share this information. This is NOT a Original Tutorial but I think it deserve to be here.

    Requirements : A Bios who can boot a USB Key. I cannot really help the latest bios from manufacturer are usually able do that. Note : On my IBM Workstation, the USB key was detected was a hard drive on IDE 1 so it was important to be check the boot order. Please check your manufacturer manual.

    1) Make the USB drive the first in the drive sequence.
    Why?? fdisk does not allow for a partition to be set as ACTIVE (bootable) unless it is the first drive. It is most likely that your hard drive(s) is set as the first drive. This needs to be changed.
    How?? Setting your USB drive to be the first in the drive sequence can be done by following ONE of the methods below. No matter which method you follow, the computer MUST be booted with the USB drive plugged in into the computer. Take a note of how the options that you are about to change were set before, as they will need to be changed back later.

    Method # 1. BIOS drive sequence option.
    Depending on your BIOS, there may be an option to change the drive sequence. On mine, there was an option labeled "Hard-Disk Drive Sequence". If your BIOS has this or a similar option, make sure you change the sequence so that the USB Drive is listed first.

    Method # 2. Disabling other hard drives.
    Again, this is done from the BIOS. Different BIOS's may have different options to disable the hard drive. On mine, the system had just one hard drive. I changed the option labeled "Primary Drive 0" to "OFF".

    Method # 3. Unplugging the hard drives.
    If your BIOS doesn't have an option to change the drive sequence or to turn off the hard drive, you can turn off your computer and unplug your hard drive(s). Make sure you know what you are doing here. Opening your computer case may result in voiding your computer warranty if you have one.

    2) Boot the computer from the boot floppy/CD into the command prompt with the USB Drive plugged in.

    3) Run fdisk

    4) Use fdisk's "Set Active Partition" (option 2) to set the primary partition on the USB Drive to ACTIVE.
    This step assumes that a primary partition already exists on the USB Drive. If this is not the case, use fdisk to create one. As noted in step # 1, fdisk will not allow for setting the the partition to ACTIVE unless the drive the partition is on is the FIRST in the drive sequence.

    5) Exit fdisk.

    6) Reboot the computer from boot floppy/CD into the command prompt with the USB Drive plugged in.

    7) At the command prompt enter the following command: dir c:
    This step is just to verify that the C: drive is actually the primary partition on the USB Drive. Regardless of the result that the command generates whether it be a listing of files or an error message, what is important here is to make sure that the size of the primary partition on the USB Drive is roughly equal to the sum of the empty space and the used space.

    8) Format and copy the boot files to the primary partition.
    At the command prompt, from the directory where FORMAT.COM is located, enter:format /s c:

    9) Run fdisk /mbr
    "fdisk /mbr" writes the master boot record, in this case to the USB drive, without altering the partition table information.

    10) Restart the computer and choose booting from the USB Drive. If all goes well, you should see a C:> command prompt.

    11) Change the computer settings back to what they were before step # 1.
    Source :
    -Simon \"SDK\"

  2. #2
    Senior Member Info Tech Geek's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2003
    Vernon, CT
    I'll find the article, I read somewhere before about a linux distribution that came on a USB Memory Stick.

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